Vim commands

:q -> quit
:q! -> force to quit
:w -> write
:wq -> write and quit

h -> move cursor left
j -> move cursor down
k -> move cursor up
l -> move cursor right

i -> insert before letter
I -> insert beginning line
a -> append after letter
A -> append after tine
O -> open a new line before the current line
o -> open a new line after current line
r -> replace single character
R -> replace all following characters until we tell it to stop
w -> skip to next word
W -> skip to next WORD (not worrying about symbols)
e -> move to the next end of a word
E -> navigates to the next end of a word (not worrying about symbols)
c -> change whatever we specify (using a modifier)
C -> change to the end of line
h -> move to the character before
j -> select the entire line

x -> delete a single character at the cursor
X -> delete a single character before the cursor
d -> delete what we specify (using a modifier) (and cuts it)
D -> delete until the end of a line. (and cuts it)

y -> yanks whatever we specify (using a modifier)
Y -> yanks the entire current line
p -> pastes from the vim buffer after the current cursor position
P -> pastes from the vim buffer before the current cursor position

b -> move backword
B -> move backword (not worrying about symbols)

G -> move to the last line
gg -> move to the top line

/ -> search forward
? -> search backward
n -> next search result
N -> previous search result
:%s -> search entire file
:nohlsearch -> remove highlight from search

ctrl + w -> move to certain window
:qa -> quit all files
:wa -> write all files

:tabnew -> open new tab
:tabp -> tab previous
:tabn -> tab next
:tabclose -> tab close

% -> jumpto matching bracket
> -> indent
< -> de-indent
= -> properly indent

u -> undo
~ -> change case of character

dd -> delete entire line

:set nu -> show line numbers
:set rnu -> show relative line numbers
:nu -> show what is within that line number

:set autoindent -> automatically indent
:set noerrorbells -> disable bells
:set showmode -> show the working mode
:set colorcolumn=X -> draw a column | X is number
:set ruler -> show position info
:set nohlsearch -> no highlight search
:set bg=dark/light> change foreground
:set tabstop=X -> set tab spaces | X is number
:colors  <themename> -> set a theme

:e -> edit file
:e $myvimrc -> load vimrc file

:tabedit <filename> -> open new tab for the file
:vsp <filename> -> vertical split the window for the file
:sp <filename> -> horizontal split the window for the file

ctrl-w T -> open the current tab with its own window

:tabclose -> close the current tab
:tabonly -> close all tabs except the current active tab

gt -> switch between tabs
gT -> switch to the last tab
<number>gt -> switch to the specified number tab
:tabmore<number>  -> reorder the tab window position

ctrl-w s -> split window horizontally
ctrl-w v -> split window vertically
ctrl-w = -> split windows equally
ctrl-w h -> move to the left tab
ctrl-w j -> move to the below tab
ctrl-w k -> move to the upper tab
ctrl-w l -> move to the right tab

:color evening –> change to evening theme
:color pablo -> change to pablo theme

:colortheme-CTRL+D -> view all available themes

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Posted in Vim

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